Columbia PicturesEarlier name: A Columbia Production
It is the logo, which is shown before "It Happened One Night", released in 1934. Yes, it isn't the same girl, whom we can see before Columbia Pictures films. And without colours she looks creepy.
Metro-Goldwyn-MayerEarlier name: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
This studio was one of the first to work with Technicolor, but I found its first black-and-white logo. You can see it in such films as "The Big Parade" (1925) or "Ben–Hur" (1925).
Universal StudiosEarlier name: Universal Film Manufacturing Company
This black-and-white logo isn't the first, but it is the earliest one you can find. It was opening films since 1927 till 1936, and you can see it in "The Man Who Laughs" or "Imitation of Life", which was nominated for Best Picture, and many other classic films.
Walt Disney PicturesEarlier name: Walt Disney Productions
Yes, this logo of Walt Disney Pictures didn't change much. "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" (1937) was the first full-length animated film, made by Disney, and it has already begun with that castle, which is very familiar now to every child and adult in the world.
20th Century FoxEarlier name: 20th Century Pictures Inc.
Nothing changed, except for colour and quality. This one is from 1930s, you can see it before "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes" (1939).